By Hu Dun-Xin (auth.), Zhou Di, Liang Yuan-Bo, Zeng Cheng-Kui C. K. Tseng (eds.)

ZENG Cheng-kui (C. ok. TSENG) learn Professor; Director Emeritus illStitllte of Oceanology, Academia Sillica Qillgdao 26607 J, China Ten years in the past i used to be invited by way of Professor John Steele, Director of the Woods gap Oceanographic Institute of the U. S. A. to jot down a preface for the precise factor on "Oceanography in China" for the Oceanus. i used to be then the Director of the Institute of Oceanology, Academia Sinica. I gladly liked the glory, and within the preface I in brief enumerated the heritage of oceanology, or oceanography in response to the yankee customized, in China dividing it into 4 phases: the founding level 1950-1956, the transforming into level 1956-1964, the partial increasing degree 1965-1978, and the elevation degree when you consider that 1978 (Tseng, 1983/84). The founding degree of chinese language oceanofogy should still truly begin in 1931 with the institution of the short-life chinese language Marine organic organization in outdated China. the subsequent 20 years in chinese language heritage among 1931 and 1959 comprised a really memorable interval in China, badly marked via the realm conflict II, and the 1946-1950 civil warfare. a few scattered study in marine biology used to be carried out in phycology, invertebrate zoology and ichthyology, often in taxonomy. a bit paintings used to be dedicated to delta geology and tidal and seawater temperature documents. expeditions have been geared up and despatched by means of the nationwide vital Academy of Sciences to the Bohai Sea in 1935 and by way of the Beijing Academy of Sciences to the Jiaozhou Bay in 1936, either engaged largely in marine organic research.

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